Sunday, November 27, 2011

Spinal Stenosis -

Spinal Stenosis is a terrible disease that narrows the passage way where the spinal cord runs.  I know first had about this disease because by sister has it.

I did some research and wanted to share what I found so you can pray for her and others with this disease.

 http://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Patients/Health-Conditions/Spinal-Stenosis.aspx?gclid=COPggY6b2KwCFYYaQgod1wgFPQ

Spinal Stenosis

The spine is made up of 33 bones. These and the discs between them provide a passage for the spinal cord and nerves. The spinal cord itself connects the nerves of the body to the brain.
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the passage where the spinal cord runs.
Stenosis can affect any part of the spine, although it rarely affects the upper back. When the narrowed area is in the bones of the neck, it is called cervical stenosis. When the narrowed area is in the bones of the lower back, it is called lumbar stenosis.




In the illustration of cervical stenosis (above left), the narrowing is caused by bone spurs growing into the spinal canal. This puts pressure on the spinal nerves and the spinal canal.

In the illustration of lumbar stenosis (above right), the narrowing is caused by thickening of the spinal ligaments.

Spinal Stenosis Symptoms

The pressure on nerves inside the narrowed spinal canal can cause pain in the legs when walking.

Spinal Stenosis Causes and Risk Factors

This condition can develop because of:
  • Genetics
  • Development problems in the spine before birth
  • Poor posture and body mechanics
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Obesity
  • Age
  • Diseases such as arthritis, scoliosis, osteoporosis and lordosis (sway back)

Diagnosing Spinal Stenosis

To diagnose spinal stenosis, a medical history is taken and physical exam is performed. Patients are asked for a detailed description of their pain and about limitations on movement, pain and a loss of reflexes, which may be evidence of nerve involvement.
Other procedures that can help confirm the diagnosis include:
  • X-rays, which can help rule out tumors, injuries or other abnormalities
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which can help detect damage or disease in the soft tissues such as the discs or ligaments.
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan, which can show the shape, size and nearby structures of the spinal canal.
  • Myelogram, in which an opaque dye is injected into the spinal column followed by an X-ray. This can show pressure on the spinal cord or nerves from herniated discs, bone spurs or tumors.
  • Bone scan, which can detect fractures, tumors, infections and arthritis

Treating Spinal Stenosis

Knowing the cause is the key to prevention. Practicing good spinal and joint health can help reduce the chance of this condition, even for those with an inherited risk of developing the condition.
Treatment options include:
  • Foraminotomy, removal of bone and soft tissues to enlarge a passage for the nerve
  • Surgical decompression, a procedure to free space for the nerves in the spinal canal. A number of different surgical methods are commonly used to achieve decompression, including laminectomy, laminotomy, laminoplasty, foramenotomy and anterior discectomy.
The ideal technique to use depends on where the narrowing is located, what is causing the narrowing, how stable the spine is and the surgeon's expertise.

Resources at Cedars-Sinai


Thursday, September 22, 2011

You Are a CEO: Make my life over

Tapping away Resistance

Tapping for Fifty Thousand Dollars!

From Welfare To Millionaire in under 4 years!!

Self-made millionaire at age 14.

Portland State Professional Development Works

Make My Life Over: You Are a CEO Remakable Women -

What's Happening?  You Are a CEO Distributor Julie Parker shares her Blog Make My Life over based on the online success platform created by CEO and Founder Michael E. Parker (no relation).  This powerful OSP is helping men and women make their lives over by finding out who they are and building up their skills in life, health, business and money.

Check out some successful women and then once your inspired be sure to visit our website and get on board.

Get Inspired:  (click the link below)

http://www.mylifetime.com/my-lifetime-commitment/ewc/every-women-counts-salutes/index


Inspirational Quotes:
I only speak words that are loving and constructive.  Louise L. Hay 

Sign Up: (click the link below) 
www.youareaceo.com/juileejisellestjohnandco
 

Saturday, September 3, 2011

I want to make my life over

I want to be thin and lose weight.  I want to work out everyday and be healthy.  I want to eat good food and stop the things I do that I feel are wrong for me:  namely over eating, picking my fingers and not being more proactive in my life.

I feel unstable at times because I work for a start up but then I remember how great God is and trust his will for my life.  He is my rock and there is nothing unstable about him.  He cares for me, protects and loves me. 

I am safe, loved and cared for.

I am grateful for life's generosity to me. God has been very good. I have the power from him to change or improve my life.  I feel good about me and hopeful for my future.  All is well in my world. God is with me and I am with him.

I can work on my life.  I can take action and get things done.  I don't have to be afraid when problems come up.  If I lose a job, income, a tenant, a bill pops up or financial situations arise.  I don't have to worry about life.  I am working on being the best steward I can.  Faithfully serving God.


Thursday, September 1, 2011

Just Go With the Flow


You know sometimes I think in life you just have to go with the flow of life.  Let it pass, let it happen.  I really think God knows what he is doing in our lives and we must have faith, trust and be willing to follow him. 

I have been through all types of challenges and I know I am not alone.  It seems hills and valleys are a way of life however it does not have to grind you to pulp when you remember you are a child of God and loved.  That to me keeps me going not matter what storm blows in.

Today I am grateful for my life, the love I have in it and the many blessings I have.  I have the power from God to make my life over and it's changing every day.  I know things don't always go as planned but He always has a plan for me that I can trust will work out for my good.

God is a good God, kind, loving and ever faithful.  We can trust He is in control and if we are willing he will lead us on.

Much Love
Julie

Tuesday, August 30, 2011

Make My Life Over: How do you make your life over? You Are a CEO

Make My Life Over: How do you make your life over? You Are a CEO


How many people have looked themselves in the mirror and realized they needed to make some changes?  They are too fat, poor, ugly, tired, unhappy or not fulfilled with their lives.  We want to be spiritual, beautiful and happy creatures that everyone adores.  Right?


Why are some people unhappy? 


You Are a CEO is a theory that helps people understand that WE are the CEO's in charge of our lives.  No one makes our decisions for us unless we allow them too. 


You can choose happiness, spirituality, and success.  One expert in the field says, "The more that people are able to exercise numerous options and evaluate their own behavior, the more freedom they will have to make things happen. Therefore, the ability to make things happen is the ultimate form of freedom. The sense of accomplishment that accompanies repeated achievement greatly improves one's self-esteem (Dacey 1998)".


I came from a crazy childhood.  My parents just could not get their lives together.  Everyone assumed we were the happiest people on the planet because my dad drove a Mercedes, mom did not work and we had the biggest house on the block.  We had house keepers, horses and all the luxuries of life but inside we were all terrified of my father who was a drinker with a very bad temper. 


We loved our father but at times his mind was altered and we had to endure it.  He loved us and spoiled us with candy, dolls and taking us to eat.  He also loved to cook and I think that is were we girls get it from, Mom is not a good cook but we love her anyway. 


We had many things that made us insecure and we all (in my opinion) are the same: we comfort ourselves with food and deal with emotional issues. I have survived bad experiences and now choose to focus on the many blessings I have.


When I heard about You Are a CEO I knew I had to do it.  I wanted to make my life over and just could never find the will power to achieve my goals.  


I want to be rich, thin, powerful and able most of all to control myself.  But I can't.  I seem to get lost in translation and don't stick to the things I need to.  I know I live for the pleasure of eating, and things that make me feel good which was what I saw growing up.  But as an adult I have been told we have to sacrifice our pleasure for our good and to gain the true riches of reward. 


How do I break these habits of the flesh? How do you change your trail if your a raccoon?  


I learned that it takes 28 days to break a habit.  If I list my habits and set a course for a new direction can I change my life?  How much help do I need?  I did lose weight about a year ago but it took extreme measures.  I had a sponsor I called every day, told her everything I ate and stuck to a super strict diet.  It worked and I was happy with the results.  Then I started eating again, the old way and the weight came back. I hate I  did it but I just can't seem to get back on track.  Why can't I press through and achieve my goals?  When I choose between something that is going to taste good and something low calorie... I can't see myself in skinny jeans.  I pick the Lane Bryant Tent.


Ahhhh


Perhaps that is what I have to do is visualize myself is skinny jeans or a Lane Bryant outfit every time I think about eating.  What do I want to be wearing? Hum sounds like a new approach. I am the CEO of my life and I plan to keep using my creativity until I find a solution for my issues. 


I don't want to be fat, financially unstable or single for ever. 


So I will work on plans to Make My Life over.  I know all things begin with asking God for help and then watching what he does. 


I want to make my life over.  


What about you.  If your honest do you really like your life?  What do you want to change if you could?  If you can't change why do you believe you can't change?  For me its giving up pleasures of the flesh. Eikes. 


Lust of the flesh, lust of the eye and the pride of life. 


I think God is great and he can do anything... even help me make my life over.  


Now what will I choose? 

Monday, August 29, 2011

CCOPE How to develop self control

Dacey developed CCOPE, a biopsychosocial model of self-control. The letters in this acronym refer to steps in the process of achieving self-control.  The model is biopsychosocial by nature, in that biological, psychological, and social influences interact at each of the steps. These five steps ultimately create the sense of self-control that fosters creative growth....when one's body is in a state of stress, everyone's self-control is threatened, because strain causes tension and distraction, impairing all efforts, both physiological and other. ...the pressures of everyday life have increased the stress we feel, and the results of such stress initially cause what is known as the “alarm reaction.”   The alarm reaction begins when the brain perceives danger (either through a thought in the cortex or a feeling in the subcortex) and sends a message to the adrenal glands, stimulating them for fight-or-flight action.  The adrenal glands consist of two parts, an inner portion called the adrenal medulla and an outer portion called the adrenal cortex. The medulla emits adrenaline and noradrenaline, two hormones that regulate automatic functions such as blood vessel constriction, heart rate, gastrointestinal movements, pupil dilation, and glucose metabolism. The adrenal cortex secretes a variety of hormones called corticosteroids.   (Dacey 1998),

  • Calming the nervous system




  • Creatively planning coping techniques




  • Opting for the best plan




  • Persisting when motivation flags




  • Evaluating the plan's efficacy






  • People lose self control when they are worried.  "“worry cycles,” which are “unproductive grooves or circuits that cause the mind to ‘play’ over and over again, almost involuntarily, the same anxieties or uncreative, health-impairing thought”

    To achieve your goals and develop self control you need to relax.  Do yoga, exercise and get your mind in the right state. Benson reported on the importance of spiritual belief in bringing about a response. In other words, by using a prayer or mantra that is in some way powerful to the individual...A patient and contemplative person will be more likely to weigh several options than one who is impulsive or has a short attention span.  Likewise, the absence of defense mechanisms (Chapter Seven) makes it easier to opt for the best plan. When one is comfortable with one's sense of self, few internal obstacles can diminish self-control (Dacey 1998).  

    Bandura views self-efficacy as the degree to which people believe in their ability to carry out plans or tasks. He considers this sense of confidence or security to be the key component of human functioning. (Dacey 1998).

    The beliefs that result from self-efficacy govern aspirations, the choice of behaviors, the coordination of efforts directed at a goal, and emotional reactions.  In terms of opting for the best plan, self-efficacy permits one to imagine the plan or goal and to take action to achieve that goal.For Bandura, self-efficacy is an interactive process between the cognitive act of generating the objectives and the intentional process of executing the plan necessary to reach one's goals. (Dacey 1998), 

    The role of the self is important to Bandura's explanation of self-efficacy. Individuals have self-influence if they are able to analyze a situation and consider different ways of acting.When they have considered the likelihood of being able to carry out the desired actions and the consequences of the proposed action, they are then able to act, based on that decision.In Bandura's theory, people act as both agent (by acting on the environment) and object (by acting on themselves). The person who plans a strategy is the same person who evaluates the plan, as well as evaluating the person's knowledge and abilities. Bandura refers to his view as a “social cognitive theory,” and it supports the notion of a person's being simultaneously agent and object. This resolves the perennial self-control theory question, What does it mean to say, “I control me”? (Dacey 1998). 

    "...the efficacious individual is able to choose freely, in that freedom “is the exercise of self-influence to bring about desired results. The more that people are able to exercise numerous options and evaluate their own behavior, the more freedom they will have to make things happen. Therefore, the ability to make things happen is the ultimate form of freedom. The sense of accomplishment that accompanies repeated achievement greatly improves one's self-esteem.  (Dacey 1998).

    Experience with actions that provide satisfaction and self-worth are much preferred and are more likely to be repeated than actions that contradict one's personal standards.  Because of the hard work involved in accomplishing things, the exercise of self-control is accompanied by numerous responsibilities...personal investment required in order to control desired outcomes is to let some other individual exert control over the situation (also called “yielding...people are prone to relinquish control simply because it is easier than assuming control. One example is when the effort required to master an activity seems to outweigh the benefits.  This means you believe that the effort needed to achieve your goals is too hard and you do not value the benefits more. 

    WOW


    Understanding Creativity: The Interplay of Biological, Psychological, and Social Factors, 1e

    Chapter 6: The Special Contribution of Self-Control
    ISBN: 0787940321 Author: John S. Dacey, Kathleen H. Lennon, Lisa B. Fiore
    copyright © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


    https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/content/eBookLibrary2/content/eReader.aspx

    Wednesday, August 24, 2011

    How do you define fear?


    So how do you define fear? What really is fear?  Is it the result of something we're afraid of or is it an indicator of something we are not dealing with in our past or in our subconscious mind that's more severe and paralyzing?

    For me it's not the fear of losing or starting something, but finishing it. For example, I am just now dealing with why I believe I have not been successful in both my personal and professional life even though others who view me from the outside think that I am successful.

    I have somehow concluded that if I am successful it will change me in a negative way and so I have built up this wall of fear around being successful and constantly sabotaging most of my efforts that will lead me down that path. 

     I start to ask questions like-What will success look like once I am there? Will I be able to handle it?  Will it change with whom I associate with or become friends with? Will my environment change?  Will I change and who will I become and will that person be drastically different from the me that I now know?

    I never thought about digging this deeply until I became a member of the YouAreACeo group that provides coaching and mentoring tools and experts in the field of personal development.  After a few sessions I was able to start to uncover the reasons why I think and act the way that I do and how important it is to find the answers so that I can overcome not only 'fear' but overcome me so that I can achieve whatever goals I have set for myself.

    So what do you fear?  Is that fear founded on truth or your perception or even on something that was planted by others in you before you had a chance to fully evaluate the data to see if it made sense or had merit.

    So my question today is,  “Should the only thing we have to fear is fear itself or is there more to the why we fear that should be feared?”

    Tune in to hear the series on “Fear” by Michael E. Parker on CEO TV @www.youareaceo.com.

    Written by Loretta B. Turner
    Independent Distributor & Small Business Consultant: human resources, retirement and benefit packages.

    Are You the CEO of Your Life?

    CEO Michael E. Parker says, "Believe it or not, we're all entrepreneurs. We all run a business. Think about it for a minute. You make executive decisions about YOUR life every day, right? That's why we say You Are a CEO because You Run the Business of YOU. And part of running your business is knowing what success looks like for you. Maybe it's maintaining a healthy lifestyle, or healthy relationships. Or the amount of money you have and having a successful career—or maybe even becoming a successful entrepreneur. It could be a combination of things".


    You should never think of success as something that could-or-couldn't happen to you.  It's for you, you just have to make it happen to you.  . We put our members in the mindset of success by exposing them to a stream of information while giving them the tools and motivation to achieve their goals. We're the world's first Online Success Platform (OSP), and we're proud of it.

    At You Are a CEO we have taken success and made it a daily experience that continually leads to meaningful successful outcomes with your relationships, health and fitness, money and business.  We use a point system to encourage participation so you will collect points, badges and have fun while you learn about life, health, finances and enrepreneurship. Most of all you will find a way to create a residual income stream to supplement your income and provide retirement income down the line.

    We cover: personal awareness, positive thinking, entrepreneurship, self esteem, self image, financial management, effective communication and tons of stuff about marketing, social media and technology. We put our members in the mindset of success by exposing them to a stream of information while giving them the tools and motivation to achieve their goals. We're the world's first Online Success Platform (OSP), and we're proud of it. 

    Join us for $30 days, take all the workshops you want for just $29.95.  You Are a CEO. Take an active role in your life and success today. Learn more by taking a 30 day journey with us. www.youareaceo.com/juileejisellestjohnandco




    Tuesday, August 23, 2011

    Healing the Wounds of My Past: How to stop fighting yourself and accept love.

         When I hit peri-menopause (the beginning) I changed.  It seems that spiritually I was at a cross-roads and the biological changes I was experiencing just would not let me continue to spiral out of control with emotional eating when life become overly stressful.  I was dealing with so much.  Wanting love, acceptance, security and support yet always fighting myself and those who wanted to support me. What a paradox.  Some people can oppose what is good for them and that for me was dangerous ground. I had to learn to stop fighting myself and what was ultimately good for me and it did not come cheaply.

         I had a family who loved me and a really strong network of friends at work and at church who loved me, supported me and cared for me but my mind was so twisted I could not see the benefits I had. I was stuck on not having a dad who showed he cared and a dis-functional family.  I just saw what I did not have: a man, money and power. LOL  Funny as this is not the reality was the mental patterns I developed as a child were still playing in my mind 40 years later.  This is because our cognitive development frames out thoughts, feelings and emotions.  So that is why so many times you hear: unload your baggage, stop hating your mother and don't be mad at all men because you hate your father. 

         CEO Michael E. Parker has done amazing work with adult life skills participants who wanted to understand themselves with Personal Awareness, Positive Thinking and Positive Relationships workshops.  This is where I got my start in healing my life and letting go of the wounds of my past.  I have read many books but the live workshops engaged my senses and impacted me greater.  Then the online workshops allowed me to grow at my own pace and learn new techniques.

          My childhood was not a safe place for me.  Mental, spiritually and physically I was drained and strained.  My psychological safety and psychological freedom were restricted however I did survive and thrive mainly due to the support and nurture of my church, pastor and mentor at work.  Note: Psychological safety is created when the child feels unconditionally accepted as worthwhile, empathically understood, and free from external evaluation. Psychological freedom results when the child has permission to engage in unrestrained symbolic expression.  (Dacey etal 1998).

         Dacey also mentions six key indexes: preschool creative potential, preschool intelligence, adolescent creative potential, mother's childrearing, father's childrearing, and combined parents' childrearing that landmark a persons development, creativity and experiences.  I read a book from Louise L. Hay called You Can Heal Your Life and I was totally delivered from the crazy mindset I was being tortured with. I am no longer in a poor childhood, bad marriage or hideous job.  I have a great life and needed to see that and not the pain I once had.

         I felt stupid for a moment and then shrugged it off as experience.  Today I have healed the wounds of my past and I no longer visit that place.  Its over.  Would you remember a bad meal you had and recall it every time you ate?  No, that's stupid and so is reliving bad experiences from childhood, marriage or jobs.  Get over it, heal, say good bye, write a letter, tear it up and be done.  There is too much to live for and be thankful for.  Ahhhhh

    I no longer fight what's good for me.  I accept love and understand I am worthy of love no matter how old, fat or ugly I am and additionally its mean to ever call myself those names.  I am beautiful just because God said so and I should never ever ever ever call myself old, fat, ugly or stupid.  We are amazingly beautiful because we are God's children.



         



     


         



        

    Thursday, August 11, 2011

    How was your personality developed? The biopsychosocial theory

    First what is the biopsychosocial theory? Biopsychosocial means your life and social experiences plus your make up impact who you are and how creative you are or are  not.  "The biopsychosocial outlook is an enhancement of the long-held premise that all of human nature is created through genetic and environmental processes. The biopsychosocial model offers a better solution to the old “nature versus nurture” controversy." More sophisticated research designs and measurement techniques have made us aware of the complex interactions of human functioning. From this newer standpoint, three interacting factors—biological, psychological, and social elements—are involved in virtually all human abilities. Biological elements range from the role our genes play in our development to adult health issues. Psychological elements include all aspects of cognitive and personality development. Social elements involve such influences as family, school, peers, and culture. The biopsychosocial position is being featured more and more in all human sciences research.

    •  Biological: fertilization, pregnancy, handedness, temperament, physical development, motor development, health, puberty, menopause
    • Psychological: personality, information processing, problem solving, motivation, perceptual development, language development, moral development, self-efficacy, body image
    • Social: maternal attachment, sibling relationships, success in school, friendships, media influences, medical interventions, cultural stresses, marital relationships, atmosphere in the workplace.

  • https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/content/eBookLibrary2/content/eReader.aspx 


  • Motivational Quotes:  “We do not want to kill the Muse by overscrutinizing her, but magic as an answer in science is less than satisfactory. Perhaps it is in the area of product analysis that the arts and sciences may join forces. In doing so we may enable ordinary folk to make their products more creative” (1993, p. 398). Besemer and O'Quin


     

    Wednesday, August 10, 2011

    Well, I think I am making my life over and taking action

    It feels good and I am doing what I need to in order to provide for myself and care for the life I was blessed to have.

    Personal Development Blogs: What is Personal Development and Why Do You Go To Personal Development Blogs?


     



       
    CEO Lifestyle Blog: Personal Development Blogs 
    Personal Development Blogs: What is Personal Development and Why Do You Go To Personal Development Blogs? 

    Article # 1


    Tell Me One Thing You Would Like to Change About Yourself if You Could?


    Personal development, self improvement and personal empowerment is about standing in the crossroads of your life and finding an activator for change to develop confidence, positive thinking, and a lifestyle of self improvement. What will inspire you to do the work of self improvement and become the person you really want to be?

    What do you really, really, really, want to change about you? What does personal development really mean to you?  Does this mean getting a life coach, utilizing personal development blogs, or who do you talk to when you're in trouble or in search of answers? Can you afford these services? Join us on this blog by entering your email address as we discuss this critical topic in the weeks ahead. Don't make excuses not to improve your life.

    "Say "out" to every negative thought that comes into your mind. No person, place or thing has any power over you, for you are the only thinker in your mind. You create your own reality and everyone in it".  Louise L. Hay
     
    Are you willing to explore personal development workshops and take the time and make the effort to improve your life? What are the benefits of you being better? When you improve your life your confidence increases and improves your career, relationships and the personal self esteem you possess which penetrates everything you do and everything you are.

    Most people blame others for the problems in their lives. It's their mean boss, selfish spouse, or a disfunctional family.  Self Help Expert Louise L. Hay says, "Blame is one of the surest ways to stay in a problem".  CEO Michael E. Parker created You Are a CEO as a way to help people improve their lives and develop themselves both personally and professionally.
     
    Do you have any idea how people view you? How do you view yourself? Does personal awareness matter? If you would like to take a journey to self awareness and explore what you really value then please join us on this blogspot blog at http://makemylifeover.blogspot.com   You may also want to join us on the You Are a CEO online success platform and our Living a Life in Success group aka  CEO Lifestyle in You Are a CEO http://network.youareaceo.com/m/groups/view/Living-a-Life-of-Success    By joining us you will find our 12 Tips and Personal Development Blogs where we regularly post in to help facilitate personal improvement and self discovery for ourselves and in our online communities.


    Note: The authors of this blog are Independent Distributors of You Are a CEO.  This content did not come from You Are a CEO directly however CEO Lifestyle "Making My Life Over" gets our material primarily from the world’s first Online Success Platform and a social network we belong to designed by Author and CEO Michael E. Parker (no relation).  Subscribe at www.youareaceo.com enter code 10297.  Be sure to take the full Personal Awareness Series of workshops from You Are a CEO and acelerate your success. 

    "Nothing matters if you don't value who you are"! Julie Parker

    Inspirational Quotes:

    "No one makes you inferior with out your consent", Eleanor Roosevelt

    "You can not learn other people's lessons for them.  They must do the work themselves, and they will do it when they are ready". Louise L. Hay 

    "You are your word, Say what you will do, and do what you will say..." Tavis Smiley 


    The Income Opportunity Workshops for New Distributors is held at:

    VCS Inc.
    You Are a CEO
    3260 Blume Drive
    Suite 140
    San Pablo Ca 94806

    If you know anyone who wants to work from home, earn extra income or start their own online business please refer them to our site www.youareaceo.com/opportunity  Please use ID code 10297

    Contact Your Independent Distributors Online:
    Media Contact/Group Leader:
    Julie Parker
    (510) 205-8076
    jparker@vcsinc.com

    What is personal development?




    Personal development includes activities that improve awareness and identity, develop talents and potential, build human capital and facilitates employability, enhance quality of life and contribute to the realization of dreams and aspirations. The concept is not limited to self-help but includes formal and informal activities for developing others, in roles such as teacher, guide, counselor, manager, coach, or mentor. Finally, as personal development takes place in the context of institutions, it refers to the methods, programs, tools, techniques, and assessment systems that support human development at the individual level in organizations.[1]
    At the level of the individual, personal development includes the following activities:


    The concept covers a wider field than self-development or self-help: personal development also includes developing others. This may take place through roles such as those of a teacher or mentor, either through a personal competency (such as the skill of certain managers in developing the potential of employees) or a professional service (such as providing training, assessment or coaching).


    Beyond improving oneself and developing others, personal development is a field of practice and research. As a field of practice it includes personal development methods, learning programs, assessment systems, tools and techniques. As a field of research, personal development topics increasingly appear in scientific journals, higher education reviews, management journals and business books.